In 2011, the CCRC published a typology of sexting, or "youth-produced sexual images," for informed treatment of such cases by law enforcement and other professional who work with youth. The researchers focused on problematic sexting, making an important distinction for educators and law enforcement people to be aware of. They found two broad categories for the cases they analyzed – "Experimental" and "Aggravated" – factoring in other key elements to look for, including: "adult involvement; criminal or abusive behavior by minors such as sexual abuse, extortion, threats; malicious conduct arising from interpersonal conflicts; or creation or sending or showing of images without the knowledge or against the will of a minor who was pictured." Two other key research findings that would be helpful to educators are that "sexting" represents a spectrum of motivations and behaviors and that it's important not to hype sexting risks to teens.
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